The history of Delft is richly filled with buildings, explosions, princes and painters.
The name Delft is coming from delven = digging. The digging is about the canals in Delft.
The city started in the eleventh century and get its city rights in 1246. It was central located, so a lot of trades took place in the central market. You can see this by its size. In 1389 the Schie was digged towards the river the Maas and ended in Delfshaven (now part of Rottterdam)
In 1560 Delft was in comparison with Amsterdam just behind in population and was one the largest cities with 14000 people. In 1572 Willem van Oranje came to live here. His nickname is Willem the Silent, because of his capabilities of reason.
This coming period was important for the Netherlands as this was called later their golden century.
In Delft the factory about Delft Blue flourished, the VOC was present in Delft, several Gilden were active, Johannes Vermeer lived in this period as well as all of the Dutch famous admirals from the navy, such as Piet Heyn, Maarten Tromp en Michiel de Ruyter. All fighting Spain in the eighty years war and later the English.
In 1672 the golden century came to an end for Delft. The industry which consist mainly from 30 factories in Delft Blue were diminished in a few years to only 10 factories. The grows of Delft started again with the train in 1847.
Several new industries came to Delft, such as DSM. In 1842 the TU Delft was founded ( under a different name). And in 1932 the TNO came to Delft.